Cryptic Diversity in North American Tarantulas

on April 16, 2013 in Online Arachnid Publications, Recent News, Spider News in North America

journal.pone.0026207.g001

Citation: Hamilton CA, Formanowicz DR, Bond JE (2011) Species Delimitation and Phylogeography of Aphonopelma hentzi (Araneae, Mygalomorphae, Theraphosidae): Cryptic Diversity in North American Tarantulas.

The primary objective of this study is to reconstruct the phylogeny of the hentzispecies group and sister species in the North American tarantula genus,Aphonopelma, using a set of mitochondrial DNA markers that include the animal “barcoding gene”. An mtDNA genealogy is used to consider questions regarding species boundary delimitation and to evaluate timing of divergence to infer historical biogeographic events that played a role in shaping the present-day diversity and distribution. We aimed to identify potential refugial locations, directionality of range expansion, and test whether A. hentzi post-glacial expansion fit a predicted time frame.

Link:  http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0026207

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